Iconography is the art of visualization holy persons and religious scenes; performance is painting religious subjects. The paintings draw their subjects from life and especially the wonders of men and women canonized by the Church. Iconography is central to Orthodox tradition and less on Western Christian traditions such as Roman Catholic and Anglican.

According to Orthodox tradition, hagiographic image does not target a realistic representation of a person, but is primarily spiritual semantics for through to achieve a lifetime relationship with God and his saints. The image creates a sense of living presence and brings the believer in personal relationship and contact with the reality of the sitter. Iconography therefore not considered as a simple work of art or a religious painting but is a means by which man can reach in holiness.

Below you can see some samples of icons that are built by the monks of the Monastery of Xenophon.